The Integrative Studies Historical Archive & Repository (ISHAR) is the world’s largest single source for academic information on Integrative Studies, including Ayurveda, acupuncture, meditation, yoga, Qigong and everything in between.

Despite widespread use, evidence and popularity behind Integrative Studies, sites like Wikipedia still describe it as “completely unsupported by any kind of scientific evidence.”

ISHAR is there to not only explain Integrative Studies, but to present the mountains of evidence so that it can be weighed fairly.

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT: ISHAR online for more information.

Just a Small Segment of the Scope of ISHAR Topics

How Can You Participate?

This is just the first step in establishing ISHAR as the authoritative source for Integrative Studies, and there is still a tremendous amount of work to be done to achieve that goal. As mentioned above, Ayurveda and Acupuncture are the model pages, and all other topics will soon be emulating and improving on that approach. We also have many exciting features that we will be rolling out in the coming weeks (including visual mapping), so stay tuned!

We not only ask you to be patient as we fill in quality analysis on all of our topics, we sincerely want your help in doing so. Our Academic Liaison Dr. William Bushell will be cooperating with ISHAR Supervisors to obtain their help in writing comprehensive, informed Functional Summaries, Definitions and Research Summaries. ISHAR will format the pages, all we need is your expert advice, suggestions, and critiques. In addition to your expert assistance, the more feedback, questions, and critiques that are posted on the many Comment sections throughout the site help us respond better and faster to issues.

This is your chance to help contribute to a massive codification of terms, positions, and relevant research, all of which may help change the way science and the popular world view the topics you specialize in!

ISHAR is currently working in conjunction with major institutions like Columbia University and will be expanding our partnership to many more universities, thanks to Dr. Bushell’s extraordinary work and the objective, scientific rigor with which we have compiled this information.

ISHAR Directors

William C. Bushell

William C. Bushell, Ph.D., is the Director of Research at ISHAR. After obtaining two Master’s Degrees and a Ph.D. with honors at Columbia, Dr. Bushell went on to take a postdoctoral position at Harvard’s Center for the Study of World Religions. He has been researching mind-body phenomena for over three decades, focusing on the field of consciousness studies.

Dr. Bushell has presented his work at such academic venues as Harvard, Yale, Columbia, MIT, Cornell, the Salk Institute, the Cleveland Clinic, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories, the Society for Neuroscience, the International Stromboli Conferences on Aging and Cancer, Beth Israel Medical Center at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Aula Magna Hall at Stockholm University, the University of California Berkeley, and many others.

Ryan Castle

Ryan Castle is the Executive Director and co-founder of ISHAR. His background as a cultural historian and information analyst provided the skills necessary to design and run ISHAR, one of the world’s most comprehensive integrative health research archives. He currently operates ISHAR, pursues meta-analyses using its large database, and explores complex system applications to maximize the benefits of integrative practices. He has collaborated with and/or presented at Harvard Medical, UC Berkeley, Columbia, Karolinska Institute, the Victoria & Albert Museum, the Parliament of World Religions, Foundations of Mind, the Kingdom of Bhutan, and Sages and Scientists.